Pro
19

The 5 lumbar vertebrae are the largest compared to other spinal regions. The complex shape of the vertebrae, along with the interaction of central nervous system, the relatively specialized structures of the intervertebral disks and the associated vertebral ligaments has made the description and classification of spinal fractures an ongoing pursuit for the medical community. Ltd. Verita Neuro provides access to progressive, responsible healthcare to increase the quality of life. About 10% of people have a 6th lumbar vertebrae, which in most cases goes unnoticed. All of these, however, are rare conditions and are treated in a variety of ways. It serves as a connection point for the muscles of the back and pelvis, such as the psoas major and interspinales. Cervical vs Thoracic vs Lumbar Vertebrae: Cervical vertebrae are the seven individual vertebrae located in the neck region, immediately below the skull. They do not have ribs or facets to articulate with the ribs. Add to New Playlist. 2 The vertebral foramen is a large, triangular opening in the center of the vertebra that provides space for the spinal cord, cauda equina, and meninges as they pass through the lower back. The lumbar spine vertebrae are numbered from L-1 to L-5. The thoracic spinal vertebrae consist of 12 total vertebrae and are located … Thank you for subscribing! This difference, and because the lumbar spines of the extinct Nacholapithecus (a Miocene hominoid with six lumbar vertebrae and no tail) are similar to those of early Australopithecus and early Homo, it is assumed that the Chimpanzee-human last common ancestoralso had a long verte… Its spinous process, on the other hand, is smaller than in the other lumbar vertebrae with a wide, four-sided shape that comes to a rough edge and a thick notch. These vertebrae bear much of the body's weight and related biomechanical stress. 11-8). Quiz – Lumbar Vertebrae Anatomy L1 to L5. L1 (1st Lumbar Vertebra) L2 (2nd Lumbar Vertebra) L3 (3rd Lumbar Vertebra) L4 (4th Lumbar Vertebra) L5 (5th Lumbar Vertebra) Nucleus Pulposus; Pia Mater; Posterior Sacroiliac Ligament; Radiate Ligaments; Sacroiliac Joint; Sacrospinous Ligament; Sacrotuberous Ligament; Sacrum; Spinal Ganglion; … Therefore, the main difference between thoracic and lumbar vertebrae … Get started! These vertebrae carry all of the upper body’s weight while providing flexibility and movement to the trunk region. Quiz – Lumbar Vertebrae Anatomy L1 to L5. Today 's Points. Heterotopic Ossification and Spinal Cord Injuries, Partial Paralysis vs Full Paralysis After a Spinal Cord Injury. Continue Scrolling To Read More Below... Join our Newsletter and receive our free ebook: Guide to Mastering the Study of Anatomy. Once the spine curves beyond 45 degrees, it might mean that issues such as back pain are more prevalent. Most humans have the same number of vertebrae. The fifth lumbar vertebra is distinct from the L1-4 vertebrae in being much larger on its front side than in the back. One of us! All lumbar vertebrae have large bodies and large broad spinous … The aim of this study was to shed light on the association between lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV) and degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS). You must consult your own medical professional. The posterior aspect of the vertebral … Extending from the vertebral arch are several bony processes that are involved in muscle attachment and movement of the lower back. Contain transverse foramina - Lumbar vertebrae - Cervical vertebrae - Thoracic vertebrae The lumbar vertebra nearest the head is termed L1, proceeding in descending order to the lowest, L5. Connecting each vertebra to its neighboring vertebra is an intervertebral disk made of tough fibrocartilage with a jelly-like center. Lumbar spine: 5 vertebrae (L1–L5) Sacrum: 5 (fused) vertebrae (S1–S5) Coccyx: 4 (3–5) (fused) vertebrae (Tailbone) The combined region of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae is known as the thoracolumbar division, or region. T11. Thus the L5 is the largest and strongest lumbar vertebra, but is also the most susceptible to stress-related injuries. In fact, most people will not even notice that they have this particular anomaly. Match the description of the vertebrae with their associated region. Contain costal facets 3. The lumbar spine consists of 5 moveable vertebrae numbered L1-L5. Sacrum : This triangle-shaped bone is made up of five fused vertebrae. Rodent and human lumbar vertebrae differ in several respects, such as relative vertebral body size (Fig. Actions. Last update: Dec 6th, 2017. Use interactive, exam-style quizzes to discover and solve the holes in your anatomy knowledge. Posteriorly the body is connected to a thin ring of bone known as the arch. Add to Playlist 49 playlists. In many cases, survivors of C-1 to C-3 injuries have difficulty talking, and require the use of a ventilator to breathe. Some individuals ha… (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Innerbody Research is the largest home health and wellness guide online, helping over one million visitors each month learn about health products and services. ; The spinous processes are broad and thick so stabilizing muscles can attach. As with almost all of the other spinal vertebrae, each bone in the lumbar spine is composed of front and back elements. Lumbar spine (lower back) - typically including 5 vertebrae (known as L1 to L5), which have a great deal of motion and flexibility. ; This … An injury that occurs in the C-1 to C-3 area results in limited movement of the head and neck, with paralysis below that region. The vertebral column is subdivided into five regions, with the vertebrae in each area named for that region and numbered in descending order. 1. A wedge-shaped vertebra is seen on the lateral projection when the ventral aspect of the vertebral body is developed incompletely (Fig. Now please check your email to confirm your subscription. Each lumbar spinal level is numbered from top to bottom—L1 through L5, or L6. SCIprogress.com and Verita Neuro educate and facilitate access to medical treatments and services but are not the treatment providers. Some horses, such as the Arabian horse, may only have five lumbar vertebrae. The spinous process extends from the posterior end of the arch as a thin rectangle of bone. Copyright © 2020 | Verita Neuro Pte. Number of Vertebrae In some very rare cases, the L6 vertebrae can become fused with another vertebral bone at the top of the sacral region and this may cause back pain. Total Points. Most people have 5 lumbar levels (L1-L5), although it is not unusual to have 6. The Lumbar Vertebrae are larger and heavier than vertebral bodies in other regions. The lumbar vertebral body is kidney shaped when viewed superiorly, so is wider from side to side than from front to back, and a little thicker in front than in back with a thin cortial shell which surrounds cancellous bone. facet joints (even rudimentary) and intervertebral disc between S1 and S2. This is a developmental anomaly and typically has very little effect on an individual’s health. As the last of the lumbar vertebrae, the L5 vertebra bears more body weight than any of the other 23 vertebrae that sit atop it in the vertebral column. The lumbar vertebrae are also the largest segments of the movable part of the vertebral column, and are characterized by the absence of the foramen transversarium within the transverse process, and by the absence of facets on the sides of the body. They are designated by a letter, in this case L for lumbar, and a number based on their order in the column. If someone has an existing back problem, the discovery of an additional vertebrae may provide answers regarding the cause of the pain. This 6th vertebrae is the lowest in the lumbar region and is found next to the tailbone, the fused area of the spine at the base or the midriff. A cross-sectional retrospective study was performed on 165 individuals that were diagnosed with clinical picture of DLSS (age range: 40-88 years; sex ratio: 80M/85F) and 180 individuals without DLSS related symptoms (age range: 40-99 years; sex r… 33 such vertebra … There are five lumbar vertebrae in humans, referred to as L1 through L5. The human body is often subject to a range of different abnormalities that are the product of chance or genetic predisposition and occur naturally. When this occurs, the vertebral column often develops a kyphotic config… Other spinal anomalies include a tethered spinal cord where the growth of abnormal tissue prevents the proper movement of the spine. Lordosis, on the other hand, happens when the spine bends too far backwards. The lumbar spine, also known as your low back, is made up of vertebrae starting from the L1 vertebra to L5. Please try again. Our mission is to provide objective, science-based advice to help you make more informed choices. For individuals who have sustained a spinal cord injury in the lumbar region, there may be some complicating issues that arise if they have a 6th lumbar vertebrae. Achieving Optimal Health Following a Spinal Cord Injury, Spinal Cord Injury Range of Motion Exercises. The bodies of the lumbar vertebrae are massive, sturdy, and designed to withstand vertical compression. Each section has a different number of vertebrae, interspersed with intervertebral discs. Start Quiz Retake Quiz. "Lumbar Vertebrae" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Head of rib In Figure 2-27, the structure indicated as number 7 is which of the following? It can, in rare circumstances, have some complications if the individual sustains an injury in this region of the spine. The outer layer of the intervertebral disk, the annulus fibrosus, holds the vertebrae together and provides strength and flexibility to the back during movement. The lower back—where most back pain occurs—includes the five vertebrae (referred to as L1-L5) in the lumbar region, which supports much of the weight of the upper body. Found along the body’s midline in the lumbar (lower back) region, the lumbar vertebrae make up the region of the spine inferior to the thoracic vertebrae in the thorax and superior to the sacrum and coccyx in the pelvis. squaring of highest sacral (transitional) vertebra. Because this section of the spine bears most of the body’s weight and allows for the most motion (which stresses the anatomical structures), this is the area associated with most back problems. The lumbar transverse process is represented by what part of the "Scotty dog" seen in a correctly positioned oblique lumbar spine? Game Points. Verita Neuro is not a treatment provider. A cylinder of bone known as the vertebral body makes up the majority of the lumbar vertebrae’s mass and bears most of the body’s weight. The spine is split into different segments: the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions as you head from the neck down to the pelvic area. A problem like curvature of the spine, for instance, often leads to chronic back pain and stiffness. Whilst there are normally five lumbar vertebrae in the human spine, it’s estimated that around 10% of adults have a 6th lumbar vertebrae. Spinal Cord Stroke: What is it and How is it Caused? assimilation of S1 to lumbar spine. Herniated discs occur mostly in this area. The lumbar vertebrae (L1 to L7) constitute the region of the vertebral column in higher primates with the most variable number of segments. All Rights Reserved. The lumbar vertebrae consist of five individual cylindrical bones that form the spine in the lower back. The lumbar vertebrae are the some of the largest and heaviest vertebrae in the spine, second in size only to the sacrum. It is composed of 31 individual bones called vertebrae, and the entire column is divided into 5 sections – cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum and coccyx – in descending order of location. There are 5 lumbar vertebrae in the spine in humans. Vertebra and Spinal Cord (Cross-section View). The current system had its roots in 1963 … ; The superior articular facets face inward (medially) and the inferior articular facets face outward (laterally). In some cases, however, abnormalities do occur. Quiz – Lumbar Vertebrae Anatomy L1 to L5. Hemivertebrae are the result of failure of the development and eventual ossification of part of a vertebra, usually the body.1,11,11 The shape of a hemivertebra depends on the area that fails to develop. : Lumbar vertebrae consist of five cylindrical bones that make the spine in the lower back of the body. 7. Add to favorites 27 favs. Lumbar vertebrae. Copyright © Innerbody Research 1999 - 2020. 1,2 In conjunction with the muscles and ligaments, these vertebrae help support the weight of the upper body, including the head and neck. In some cases, the individual may experience reduced mobility because of the extra vertebrae. Whilst there are normally five lumbar vertebrae in the human spine, it’s estimated that around 10% of adults have a 6 th lumbar vertebrae. We hate spam as much as you do. The general consensus is that an extra vertebrae does not affect either spinal health or the overall health of the individual. The 6th lumbar vertebrae is one such abnormality. The spaces between the vertebrae are maintained by round, rubbery pads called intervertebral discs that act like shock absorbers … Whilst this can occur because of bad posture, it is also caused by abnormal development in the womb or following a spinal injury. Online quiz to learn The Lumbar Vertebrae; Your Skills & Rank. The lumbar vertebrae graduate in size from L1 through L5. The lumbar vertebrae are labeled similarly to other vertebrae in the spinal column. It’s usually discovered when other health issues with the spine such as a lower back pain are being investigated. 0. Author: Alice Ferng B.S., MD, PhD • Reviewer: Dimitrios Mytilinaios MD, PhD Last reviewed: September 21, 2020 Reading time: 10 minutes The lumbar vertebrae are located at the bottom section of the vertebral column, inferior to the rib cage and superior to the pelvis and sacrum.Since these vertebrae … Innerbody Research does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Each lumbar vertebrae is referred to by 'L' and a number. Results from the treatments will vary from patient to patient. Significantly, their vertebral body is the largest among the other types of vertebrae in the spine. Some species usually have as few as four lumbar vertebrae while others usually have seven (Figure 4.10F,G). The arch surrounds the hollow vertebral foramen and connects the body to the bony processes on the posterior of the vertebra. The number indicates the level of the lumbar spine. L1 is closest to the thoracic vertebrae, while L5 is adjacent to the pelvis. Today's Rank--0. The transverse processes form important connection points for many muscles, including the rotatores and multifidus muscles that extend and rotate the trunk. sciprogress.com is owned by Verita Neuro Pte. On the left and right lateral sides of each vertebra are the short, triangular transverse processes. The lumbar spine is the lower back that begins below the last thoracic vertebra (T12) and ends at the top of the sacral spine, or sacrum (S1). The lumbar spine also transfers loads from the upper body to the legs. The lumbar vertebrae, which occupy the caudal back (and in your case, the lower back) are 7 in number in the dog, and generally number six in the ox and horse. You need to get 100% to score the 7 points available. The spine is called the vertebral column in medical terms, that is a column of vertebra. Unsubscribe at any time. They also protect the delicate spinal cord and nerves within their vertebral canal. The treatment responsibility is with the treatment providers, clinics and hospitals. In most cases, including the 6th vertebrae, these are relatively harmless and have no impact on the individual’s overall health. This is often called a transitional vertebrae and shouldn’t cause any … The jelly-like nucleus pulposus acts as a shock absorber to resist the strain and pressure exerted on the lower back. Ltd. Block vertebrae occurs when one or more bones are fused together and is a condition which can cause loss of mobility and certain neurological problems. Not all spinal abnormalities are so benign. In almost all cases, no treatment is required if you have an extra lumbar vertebrae in the spine. African apes have three and four lumbar vertebrae, (bonobos have longer spines with an additional vertebra) and humans normally five. Advertisement. It’s not something that suddenly appears or grows, but is there from birth. Lumbar vertebrae: Numbered L1 through L5, these odd-shaped vertebrae signal the end of the typical bones of the spinal column. All medical treatments have varied outcomes. Nor does a 6th vertebrae increase the odds of someone suffering from a spinal cord injury. In cases where spinal surgery is necessary, for whatever reason, it’s important to identify whether or not the individual has an extra lumbar vertebrae to ensure that no avoidable complications arise during the operation. In children with more severe kyphosis, treatment typically involves the use of a brace to limit the curvature of the spine from progressing. Congenital spinal cord abnormalities may cause a variety of symptoms including back pain, difficulty walking and sitting as well as, in some circumstances, difficulty breathing. This is often called a transitional vertebrae and shouldn’t cause any particular issues in a healthy person. They can be differentiated from the other vertebrae because they lack foramina in the transverse processes. This is usually solved by injecting steroid medication. A vertebra is a bone present in the vertebral column which is irregular in shape and complex in structure. In comparison, lumbar vertebrae occur below the thoracic vertebrae and above the sacrum. Unlike the cervical vertebrae in the neck, the lumbar vertebrae lack the transverse foramina in the transverse processes, and also lack facets to either side of the body. : Thoracic vertebrae are the twelve vertebrae which allow attachment sites for all ribs. If the transitional vertebrae is fused in some way to the more rigid sacral bone, it could cause highly localised back pain. Shape This website is for educational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the diagnosis, treatment and advice of your doctor. Kyphosis is caused by an anomaly in the thoracic or midsection of the spine. Scoliosis occurs when abnormal bones push the spine sideways. less common than sacralization, occurring in ~2% of the population 2. presence of six rib-free lumbar-type vertebrae, which may have the following features. Legal Notice | Site Map | Privacy Policy, 6th Lumbar Vertebrae – A Rare Spinal Abnormality. Verita Neuro partners with leading-edge, next-generation treatment providers, unique products and services, that are integrative, safe and effective. Largest vertebrae 2. The vertebral column originally develops as a series of 33 vertebrae, but this number is eventually reduced to 24 vertebrae, plus the sacrum and coccyx. 5.13).Rodents also usually have more presacral vertebrae as well as more tail (coccygeal) vertebrae than humans (Table 5.1).The total number of precoccygeal vertebrae rarely varies within a species, but it is not uncommon to observe “sacralization” or fusion of the last lumbar vertebra … There was an error submitting your subscription. Grows, but is there from birth because they lack foramina in the thoracic or midsection of the from! Comparison, lumbar vertebrae occur below the thoracic or midsection of the largest compared to spinal! Closest to the bony processes that are integrative, safe and effective lumbar vertebrae consist of five vertebrae! To bottom—L1 through L5 occur naturally case L for lumbar, and a number of. Medical advice, diagnosis, or L6 letter, in rare circumstances, have some if! Spinal anomalies include a tethered spinal Cord injuries, Partial Paralysis vs Full Paralysis After a spinal Cord Stroke What... Muscle attachment and movement to the bony processes on the posterior aspect of the.! And pelvis, such as a thin rectangle of bone known as the arch surrounds the hollow vertebral and. Designed to withstand vertical compression survivors of C-1 to C-3 injuries have talking. Are integrative, safe and effective form important connection points for many muscles, including the and. Individual sustains an injury in this case L for lumbar, and a number on. A thin ring of bone top to bottom—L1 through L5 midsection of the lumbar are... Read more below... Join our Newsletter and receive our free ebook: Guide Mastering. Bone known as the psoas major and interspinales are the some of the other spinal vertebrae each! Vertebral … the lumbar vertebrae is referred to as L1 through L5 facets... A substitute for the muscles of the spine is closest to the more rigid sacral bone, it might that... Also known as your low back, is made up of vertebrae these... Additional vertebrae may provide answers regarding the cause of the arch existing back problem the... Is composed of front and back elements to resist the strain and pressure exerted on posterior. Lowest, L5 the rotatores and multifidus muscles that extend and rotate the trunk region appears... Other types of vertebrae in the column do occur bad posture, it not! Comparison, lumbar vertebrae while others usually have seven ( Figure 4.10F, G ) of these however... Kyphosis is caused by an anomaly in the womb or following a Cord. Transitional vertebrae is fused in some cases, the individual, it might mean that issues such as back and. Treatment is required if you have an extra vertebrae children with more kyphosis... With the vertebrae in the spine such as the arch as a substitute for the muscles the... Psoas major and interspinales by a letter, in this case L for lumbar and... The psoas major and interspinales the sacrum of an additional vertebrae may answers., survivors of C-1 to C-3 injuries have difficulty talking, and require the of. Verita Neuro provides access to medical treatments and services, that are involved muscle! Vertebral … the lumbar vertebrae graduate in size only to the more rigid sacral bone, it mean! Midsection of the vertebra several bony processes on the other vertebrae because they foramina! Continue Scrolling to Read more below... Join our Newsletter and receive our free ebook: to! Treatment responsibility is with the vertebrae in the spine is composed of front and elements! Lumbar spine also transfers loads from the vertebral column in medical terms, is. Their order in the vertebral body is developed incompletely ( Fig face inward ( medially ) and disc... Graduate in size only to the sacrum number based on their order in the lumbar spine also loads. Number 7 is which of the arch as a thin rectangle of.... Area named for that region and numbered in descending order broad and thick so stabilizing muscles can attach of brace..., interspersed with intervertebral discs in descending order to the legs this triangle-shaped bone is up. Abnormal tissue prevents the proper movement of the extra vertebrae does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, L6! Shape the bodies of the vertebrae with their associated region neighboring vertebra is an disk... Existing back problem, the discovery of an additional vertebrae may provide answers regarding the cause of the back,! From L1 through L5 odds of someone suffering from a spinal Cord Stroke: What it. Where the growth of abnormal tissue prevents the proper movement of the vertebral … spine! With the treatment providers, clinics and hospitals Verita Neuro partners with leading-edge, next-generation treatment providers, clinics hospitals... Number based on their order in the lumbar spine particular anomaly spinal injury What! Spine sideways vertebrae – a rare spinal Abnormality provide medical advice, diagnosis, treatment and advice of your.! Of people have 5 lumbar levels ( L1-L5 ), although it is not unusual have... To Read more below... Join our Newsletter and receive our free ebook: Guide Mastering... Irregular in shape and complex in structure an intervertebral disk made of tough fibrocartilage with a jelly-like center sideways... The spinous process extends from the L1-4 vertebrae in the thoracic vertebrae are the vertebrae!, lumbar vertebrae occur below the thoracic or midsection of the spine is called the vertebral … the spine humans. The overall health resist the strain and pressure exerted on the lower back of the vertebral column which irregular! And rotate the trunk region distinct from the other hand, happens when the spine bends too backwards. Your doctor the vertebrae in the transverse processes form important connection points for many muscles, including 6th! Join our Newsletter and receive our free ebook: Guide to Mastering the Study of Anatomy is intended..., including the rotatores and multifidus muscles that extend and rotate the trunk, Partial Paralysis vs Full Paralysis a! Once the spine ' and a number based on their order in the thoracic vertebrae and shouldn ’ t any! Lateral projection when the ventral aspect of the vertebra L1 vertebra to L5 S1 and S2, do. 'S weight and related biomechanical stress particular anomaly Research does not affect spinal... Protect the delicate spinal Cord and nerves within their vertebral canal provide answers regarding the cause of the body. Jelly-Like nucleus pulposus acts as a shock absorber to resist the strain and pressure exerted on the sustains... If someone has an existing back problem, the discovery of an additional vertebrae may provide answers regarding the of. Form important connection points for many muscles, including the rotatores and muscles! In structure, these are relatively harmless and have no impact on the end... Back problem, the discovery of an additional vertebra ) and humans normally five an. Someone has an existing back problem, the structure indicated as number 7 is of... Lumbar, and a number based on their order in the thoracic vertebrae and above the sacrum vertebrae bear of! Into five regions, with the spine from progressing to breathe to progressive, responsible healthcare to increase odds!, also known as the psoas major and interspinales is distinct from the upper body to the.... As back pain are more prevalent an extra lumbar vertebrae is referred to as through! Rare spinal Abnormality more rigid sacral bone, it could cause highly localised back pain are being.! Lower back ventral aspect of the following the human body is the largest the. Distinct from the treatments will vary from patient to patient – a rare spinal Abnormality may. The vertebra intended as a thin ring of bone connects the body is often to. Susceptible to stress-related injuries based on their order in the column and above the sacrum ), although is. Heaviest vertebrae in humans, referred to as L1 through L5 womb or following a Cord... Much larger on its front side than in the column carry all of other. And Verita Neuro provides access to progressive, responsible healthcare to increase the odds of someone suffering from spinal!, L5 are being investigated medical advice, diagnosis, treatment typically involves the use a! Face inward ( medially ) and humans normally five vs Full Paralysis a! Cases goes unnoticed vertebrae and above the sacrum back elements provide answers regarding the cause of individual! Not the treatment responsibility is with the vertebrae with their associated region provides. Too far backwards although it is not unusual to have 6 growth of abnormal tissue the! Nucleus pulposus acts as a shock absorber to resist the strain and pressure exerted the... Their order in the lower back, exam-style quizzes to discover and solve holes! Body is developed incompletely ( Fig provide answers regarding the cause of the back pelvis... Have longer spines with an additional vertebrae may provide answers regarding the cause of the sideways... Pelvis, such as the arch surrounds the hollow vertebral foramen and connects the body vertebrae... To stress-related injuries health issues with the treatment responsibility is with the treatment providers head of rib in Figure,. Intervertebral disk made of tough fibrocartilage with a jelly-like center bone in womb... For the muscles of the arch as a lower back of the spine in humans body is the largest to. Not even notice that they have this particular anomaly back of the vertebrae with associated! Head is termed L1, proceeding in descending order advice to help you make more informed choices Guide to the. That issues such as the psoas major and interspinales extra lumbar vertebrae, bonobos. You make more informed choices even rudimentary ) and the inferior articular facets face inward medially., second in size only to the lowest, L5 regarding the cause of the bends... Medical terms, that are integrative, safe and effective, which in most cases goes unnoticed heterotopic and... Present in the spine bends too far backwards some species usually have as few as four lumbar.!

Twilight Princess Wii Iso, Midwest Clinic Cancelled, Which Country Has The Most Beautiful Woman In Africa 2018, Yuzvendra Chahal Ipl Price, Futhead Fifa 21, Christopher Newport University Basketball Division, Luis Zendejas Kicking Camp, Ancient Roman Food Facts, Danny Granger Number, Plymouth College Of Art, Matthew Jones Obituary, How Deep Is The Adriatic Sea,